Prostate Cancer

Overview

It is a common cancer in men, which if diagnosed early, has excellent chances for complete cure. The key to success is early diagnosis

Risk Factors

  • Age - Prostate cancer is common in men above the age of 60 but may also occur in men who are 40 and above.
  • Smoking - Smokers have a higher incidence as compared to non- smokers.
  • Family History - Men with a family history of prostate cancer may be at a higher risk compared to those with none.

Signs and Symptoms

Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in early stages. At an advanced stage, however it may cause symptoms such as:

  • Trouble in passing urine.
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in semen/ urine
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone Pain

Diagnosis

  • Clinical Examination
    • Digital rectal exam (DRE) - The doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to examine the prostate, which is adjacent to the rectum.
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Treatment

Treatment options depend on several factors like extent of spread, age of the patient and overall health of the patient.

FAQ

  • What are the Stages of Prostate Cancer?
  • What are the Screening methods for Prostate Cancer?
  • How can you prevent prostate cancer?
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