Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Paediatrics Acute Myeloid Leukemia


Leukemia is a common cancer in children and teens. Acute Myeloid leukemia (AML) is the second most common leukemia in children.

"Acute" means that the leukemia usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated.

Risk Factors

There are no known risk factors, however the following factors may be associated with it

  • History of previous treatment for any type(s) of leukemia
  • Genetic risk factors
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Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms may vary from person to person. Some of the signs and symptoms are:


  • Bone marrow aspiration and bone marrow biopsy - The doctor uses a needle to take a sample of marrow and blood from the hip bone. The sample is then evaluated under a microscope for signs of leukemia.
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Chemotherapy uses cytotoxic drugs to kill cancer cells. These may be given either through an IV or as an oral tablet. Treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) uses higher doses of chemotherapy over a shorter period of time.


  • How do we follow-up after completion of treatment?
  • What are the other issues affecting children and caregivers?
  • How quickly does AML develop?
  • Can Childhood Leukemia be prevented?
  • ...
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