Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal Cancer

Diagnosis

  • Endoscopy is one of the most common ways of diagnosing esophageal cancer. It may be used to obtain a tissue biopsy as well as to determine the extent of the tumor. The camera on the end of the endoscope allows doctors to see the lining of the esophagus and detect abnormalities. It also helps to collect tissue samples for biopsy.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound allows doctors to see the esophagus and surrounding tissues on an ultrasound machine. It helps to detect abnormalities in the surrounding tissue and lymph nodes and also helps in staging which helps in further clinical management.
  • CT scanfor esophageal cancer uses X-ray images to present detailed images of the esophagus and surrounding tissues. It also helps to identify the spread of cancer to other distant organs, such as the liver.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be useful in detecting esophageal tumors and metastases. This diagnostic technique offers greater soft tissue contrast than a CT scan.
  • PET/CT scans are designed to detect cancer and whether it has spread throughout the body.
  • Blood Test - Tumor Markers - Elevated levels of tumor markers like CEA and CA 19-9 are seen in patients with esophageal cancer
  • Pathology The tissue sample collected is sent for further evaluations like Histopathological evaluation (HPE), Cytology and Immunohistochemistry (IHC). This helps in staging and grading of the esophageal cancers.
Call Appointment