Colorectal Cancer

Overview

Colorectal cancer is cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. The colon is the large intestine or large bowel. The rectum is the passageway that connects the colon to the anus.

Risk Factors

While the exact cause for colorectal cancer is unknown, there are certain factors that may increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer. Some of these factors are:

Signs and Symptoms

This varies depending on the tumor's size and location.

  • Change in the bowel habits, including diarrhea, constipation or a change in the consistency of stools
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Diagnosis

  • Colonoscopy - Using an endoscope to examine the inside of the large intestine (colon) for abnormal changes. A long flexible tube is inserted into the rectum. A tiny video camera at the tip of the tube allows the doctor to view the inside of the colon.
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Treatment

Choice of treatment depends on

  • Location of the tumor
  • Stage of the disease
  • Age of the patient
  • Overall health condition of the patient
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FAQ

  • How does colorectal cancer start?
  • What is the survival rate of colorectal cancer?
  • Can colorectal cancer be cured?
  • What is the most common type of colorectal cancer?
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